Commercial whaling has been globally banned since 1986 by the International Whaling Commission (IWC). Japan's whaling programme that it calls scientific and claims is legal under IWC rules, provides for a self-imposed quota of up to 440 minke whale stocks annually. Every second year it concentrates this effort on the waters of eastern Antarctica. The IWC has repeatedly requested that the Japanese government stop this so-called research whaling.
In 2002 Australia attempted to expel Japanese whaling ships from waters of the Australian Antarctic Territory (a claim little recognized by the international community). Under Australian law, the killing of whales is forbidden, with heavy penalties for any Australian found to be involved.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
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