In 1993, some 130 governments were to sign an agreement to ban all forms of stockpiling and use of chemical arms worldwide and to destruct all existing stocks and production facilities. The Chemical Weapons Convention was a remarkable achievement, particularly in its drastic provisions for verification and inspection. A government that suspects another of making gas weapons can demand an international inspection anywhere on 24 hours' notice. No other arms control agreement has inspection provisions approaching this one. The Convention not only affects the military sector but also civilian consumption of chemicals that are considered relevant to the objectives of the Convention.
Those countries that do not sign the Chemical Weapons Convention will find themselves cut off from a wide range of chemicals and chemical technologies. Those that sign can expect the benefit of the doubt in buying technologies with dual uses, because the doubters can always come and see how the plants are actually being used.
The Arab nations were the only significant bloc of countries refusing to support the Chemical Weapons Convention in 1993. They said they would not sign as long as Israel had nuclear weapons.