Blocking off water courses Creating dams Constructing dams
Many governments still rely on the construction of conventional dams and large diversion projects to relieve regional water stress and water shortage. However, such projects, with their engineering complexities, threats of ecological disruption, multibillion-dollar price tags, and long lead times, do not offer much hope that water will be delivered in time and at reasonable cost. In the developing world, unless deforestation and erosion are stopped and irrigation systems better managed, large projects may waste capital, undermine the productivity of the soil and also displace the indigenous population. Furthermore, even the most ambitious schemes will not definitively solve regional water problems. The best any dam or diversion project can do is to slow down the depletion of supplies or delay the occurrence of shortages. In such cases, it would be much less costly to encourage the growth of human settlements in places where adequate water supplies are available or effectively reduce water demand through demand management.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
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