Problem

Blasphemy against the Holy Spirit

Nature:

In Christian hamartiology, eternal sins, unforgivable sins, or unpardonable sins are sins which will not be forgiven by God. One eternal or unforgivable sin (blasphemy against the Holy Spirit) is specified in several passages of the Synoptic Gospels, including Mark 3:28-29, Matthew 12:31-32, and Luke 12:10.

In Catholic teaching there are six sins that blaspheme against the Holy Spirit. They are:

Despair (believing that one's evil is beyond God's forgiveness); Presumption (glory without merit, that is, hope of salvation without keeping the Commandments, or expectation of pardon for sin without repentance) Envying the goodness of another (sadness or repining at another's growth in virtue and perfection); Obstinacy in sin (willful persisting in wickedness, and running on from sin to sin, after sufficient instructions and admonition); Final impenitence (to die without either confession or contrition for our sins); Impugning the known truth (to argue against known points of faith, and this includes misrepresenting parts or all of the Christian faith to make it seem undesirable).
Claim:
Matthew: "Whoever says a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this age or in the age to come." Mark: "All sins will be forgiven the sons of men, and whatever blasphemies they utter; but whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit never has forgiveness, but is guilty of an eternal sin." Luke: "Every one who speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven; but he who blasphemes against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven." Why is blasphemy against the Holy Spirit unforgivable? How should this blasphemy be understood ? St. Thomas Aquinas replies that it is a question of a sin that is "unforgivable by its very nature, insofar as it excludes the elements through which the forgiveness of sin takes place."According to such an exegesis, "blasphemy" does not properly consist in offending against the Holy Spirit in words; it consists rather in the refusal to accept the salvation which God offers to man through the Holy Spirit, working through the power of the Cross. (Papal Encyclical, Dominum et Vivificantem, 18 May 1986).
Broader Problems:
Blasphemy
Problem Type:
J: Problems Under Consideration
Subject(s):
Religious observance
Date of last update
07.01.2018 – 18:13 CET