In light of the enormous amount of millennial rhetoric, the FBI sought to analyze a number of variables that have the potential to spark violent acts perpetrated by domestic terrorists. Religious beliefs, the Y2K computer problem, and gun control laws all have the potential to become catalysts for such terrorism.
The main focus of the militias connected to the Y2K/millennium revolves around the NWO conspiracy theory. While the NWO is a fringe theory, there may be some real technological problems arising from the year 2000 such as malfunctioning of computers which control so many facets of everyday life. Such malfunctions may affect power stations and other critical infrastructure. If such breakdowns do occur, these may be interpreted as a sign by some of the militias that electricity is being shut off on purpose in order to create an environment of confusion. In the rationalizations of these militia groups, this atmosphere of confusion can only be a prelude to the NWO/One World Government. These groups may then follow through on premeditated plans of action.
The implications of mass pilgrimages to Jerusalem for the millennium are ominous since they are likely to include millennial or apocalyptic cults on a mission to hasten the arrival of the Messiah. There is serious concern among Israeli officials that Jewish and Islamic extremists may react violently to the influx of Christians, particularly near the Temple Mount. The primary concern is that extreme millennial cults will engage in proactive violence designed to hasten the second coming of Christ. The most likely scenario involves an attack on the Al-Aqsa Mosque or the Dome of the Rock. Some millennial cults hold that these structures must be destroyed so that the Jewish Temple can be rebuilt, which they see as a prerequisite for the return of the Messiah. Several religious cults have already established themselves in Israel in preparation for what they believe to be the endtimes. Attacks on Islamic holy sites in Jerusalem, particularly by Christian or Jewish extremists, are likely to be perceived by Islamic extremists as attacks on Islam itself.
In December 1999 Jordanian officials arrested a number of suspected terrorists for allegedly plotting to sabotage millennium celebrations. Jordanian and diplomatic sources in Amman revealed that the potential targets identified so far for the group's operations included Mount Nebo, where according to the tradition Moses saw the Land of Israel before dying, and John the Baptist's settlement in Wadi Kharrar, on the Jordan River. Jordanian officials said the suspects were planning anti-Western operations in general. "Especially when a tourist site is targeted, operations could make victims from all over the world," said the official.