Sexist literary language Sexist literary criticism Cultural misogyny
Literature, reflecting deep-seated prejudices in the culture, has misleadingly made women out to be passive and dependent.
Feminists claim that their work goes largely ignored on account of what they call gender politics on the part of men, but they underestimate the degree to which they themselves discourage serious discussion when they claim they possess an order of understanding not available to make intelligence. Feminist response has a tendency to naturalize women's victimization by making it the inevitable and obsessive topic of discussion, thus denigrating women in addition to failing to elevate their image, as was originally intended. In a field where women's excellence is incontestable, feminist literary critics have ended up fostering an image of women at least as insulting as any they set out to protest.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.