An act against the law in which the perpetrator was unaware of its nature and over which he had no control leaves him, in many jurisdictions, immune from requests for court-awarded damages. Plaintiffs have no redress under these conditions and governments do not maintain public funds to compensate victims of such unintentional actions.
In the moral law of major religions, and in primitive or tribal societies, agents of acts against law or custom, even if these were unintentional, were nevertheless punished. Underlying justifications are related to concepts of impurity, moral tainting and violation of taboos, as well as to kismet, karma, and superstitious doctrines that describe persons as evil, cursed or bewitched when they are involved in behaviour threatening to local society. Some prosecutions of persons as accomplices before or after the fact (of criminality) may find fault simply in familial loyalty. Unstable and despotic regimes have practised summary justice under the wildest, guilt-by-association, reasoning.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.