Animals caught in the wild are the major source of supply for medical experiments, but their availability has decreased in recent years, partly due to export restrictions but also because of a ban in certain countries on the importation of monkeys to be kept as pets. The shortage of monkeys for biomedical purposes could lead to a lowering of safety standards for drugs and vaccines, while much medical research could be severely handicapped.
About 85,000 primates a year are used in biomedical programmes, including 80% of Asian or African species (mostly Rhesus monkeys) and 20% from the Americas. Although reports from countries on wild monkey populations are based on impressions rather than survey data, there is a general tendency for populations to decrease as their natural habitats are destroyed.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
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