The two views on the second coming of Christ within traditional Christianity expose two different issues for people. The first view regards the Second Advent primarily as a spiritual experience already realized through the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the disciples after the resurrection of Jesus, a return repeated in the experience of successive generations of Christians. In this view being unprepared for the Second Coming implies being closed to the intrusion of grace in one's life either through arrogance about having reached a degree of perfection that no change is necessary, despair over being incapable of being transformed or striving to change through personal effort. Having a closed heart and mind, these people are incapable of growth.
The second view insists that the promised return of Christ has not yet taken place, but may be momentarily expected. In the mean time the world constantly deteriorates. Only by Christ's literal coming can the millennium be established and righteousness made to prevail upon earth. In this view being unprepared for the Second Coming implies disregard for the state of one's present life.