Predatory behaviour towards competitors Involuntary company takeovers
There is an increasing concentration of company ownership in the food production and retail markets. For example, where once the Netherlands used to have hundreds of breweries, today, 4 companies (Heineken Group, Grolsch, Interbrew, Bavaria) account for 90% of the market share. A similar development has taken place in the retail market; the supermarket chain Albert Hein owns 40% of retail outlets in the Netherlands and has a 28% share of turnover. The the diversity in products grown and sold has fallen as a result. This again has reduced the diversity of plants grown by farmers. The power of consumers to have an effect on product offer is reduced in the process. It also becomes increasingly difficult for smaller products to enter the market (because for example a group like Heineken also owns a large share of the places where beer is sold).
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.