When a genetically engineered plant reproduces itself, it may kill other plants or animals in unforeseen ways due to its modified genetic structure.
It was reported that the pollen of corn genetically engineered for pest resistance, when dusted on the leaves of milkweed plants caused the death of 44% of monarch butterfly caterpillars feeding on the milkweed. Caterpillars feeding on pollen from unmodified plants survived. In 1999, nearly 25% of the USA corn crop contains this toxin gene.
Scientists are asking why the pollen was not tested before the plants were planted on millions of acres of farmland.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.