It was reported in 1999 that overall demand for oil was rising. Dependence on Gulf oil was increasing and by 2010 could be expected to reach levels similar to those of the 1970s, when the oil disruptions took place.
Political uncertainties in the Gulf region are at least as great as ever. We should not be lulled into inaction by the remarkable performance over the years of the emergency response systems developed within the International Energy Agency, nor by the comforting military decisiveness of the West in the Gulf War. Maintaining energy security beyond the year 2000 is bound to be increasingly difficult.