Ineffective administration of international justice
The International Court of Justice is ineffective, largely due to the sensitive nature of cases brought before it. In many cases, effective litigation would require the disclosure of vital national security information, which most nations are reluctant to do.
In 1962, the former Soviet Union refused to comply with the Court's judgement that all members must pay their assessed share of UN peacekeeping operations. In 1973, France refused to appear before the Court on charges from Australia and New Zealand that her nuclear devices testing in the South Pacific was unlawful. In 1985, the USA refused to participate in the Court on charges brought against her by Nicaragua.
The refusal of nations to appear before the Court, even though it is a UN body which member nations have pledged to support, is an active example of the ineffectiveness of UN bodies caused by the arrogance of its member States.
Litigation involves interpretations of law and determinations of fact. Both of these require fact-finding proceedings which are virtually impossible without the jeopardizing of individual national security and prestige.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
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