Dissolution of national boundaries Enforced socio-economic adjustment in border regions Fragmenting district boundaries
Internal borders make up roughly 60% of almost 10,000 km of land frontiers in the European Community. The regions along these borders (as defined for Community purposes) account for around 15% of the total area of the EEC/EU and 10% of its population. With increasing integration, the internal frontiers are losing much of their previous significance, although this is not necessarily being reflected in development planning. There is the danger that the peripheral nature of regions bordering on non-Community countries will increase whilst other regions which are now peripheral in their national context will become more central in a more integrated community, in particular those on Germany's western borders and in the border areas between France and Italy. Developing relations with neighbouring countries will create increased pressures in border areas (for example from migratory flows) and impose economic adjustments in trade.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.