Fear of negative evaluation (FNE) was first defined by Watson and Friend in 1969 as "apprehension about others' evaluations, distress over negative evaluations by others, and the expectation that others would evaluate one negatively". FNE is related to specific personality dimensions, such as anxiousness, submissiveness, and social avoidance. People who score high on the FNE scale are highly concerned with seeking social approval or avoiding disapproval by others, and may tend to avoid situations where they have to undergo evaluations. High FNE subjects are also more responsive to situational factors. This has been associated with conformity, pro-social behavior, and social anxiety.