Problem

Occidentalism

Other Names:
Asian ascendancy
Nature:

Occidentalism refers to and identifies representations of the Western world (the Occident) in two ways: (i) as dehumanizing stereotypes of the Western world, Europe, the Americas, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and Israel; and (ii) as ideological representations of the West, as applied in Occidentalism: A Theory of Counter-Discourse in Post-Mao China (1995), by Chen Xiaomei; Occidentalism: Images of the West (1995), by James G. Carrier; and Occidentalism: The West in the Eyes of its Enemies (2004), Ian Buruma and Avishai Margalit. Occidentalism is often counterpart to the term orientalism as used by Edward Said in his book of that title, which refers to and identifies Western stereotypes of the Eastern world, the Orient.

Claim:
The things Occidentalists hate about the West are not always the ones that inspire hatred of the USA. The two issues should not be conflated. Some people hate the West because they were helped by the West, and some because they were not. Specifically, some resent the way the USA helped their own hateful governments gain or stay in power. Some feel humiliated by the very existence of the USA, and some by US foreign policy. With some on the left, hatred of the USA is all that remains of their leftism; anti-Americanism is part of their identity. The same goes for right-wing cultural Gaullists. Anti-Americanism is an important political issue, related to Occidentalism but not quite the same thing.
Reduces:
Urban bias
Reduced By:
Capitalism
Problem Type:
F: Fuzzy exceptional problems
Date of last update
22.10.2002 – 00:00 CEST