Using or stealing someone else's works without permission of the author or owner, or stealing someone's works or goods. This may be accomplished by attacking a ship or aircraft; infringing on copyrights or business rights; reproducing art or trading goods, without due authorization.
Piracy was first known as violent robbery on the high seas. For two thousand years, Phoenicians, Greeks, Moors, Vikings, and pirates from many other nations attacked and robbed ships often with the support of the ships' own rulers. Air piracy emerged in the 20th century as hijackers diverted airlines for ransom, asylum, or political publicity. Piracy in the media mushroomed as high technology enabled cheap photocopying of books, reproductions of fine art, dubbing of music tapes, and copying computer software without royalty payments or permission of the authors. Piracy in brand name consumer goods is currently prevalent.
Piracy of media allows people, who could not otherwise afford it, the access to information and arts on a massive scale.
Piracy violates copyright laws, depriving authors and publishers a just return on their investment and a means to profitably sustain their creative work.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.