The contracting out of public services to the private sector is used by a number of countries and particularly by the USA where it is the predominant method of privatization. It combines the private provision of public services with competition. Such competition can spur improved public provision of services. Where competition is active and where there is genuine competitive bidding for the franchises, it can lead to the provision of competitive services in terms of price and quality. For hard-pressed state or local authorities, faced with budgetary constraints, it can provide a useful additional source or an alternative to public provision. However, effective competition is essential in order to prevent collusive bidding or the emergence of dominant firms which may eventually shut out other competitors. There may be a need to monitor the quality of the services provided.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.