Monitoring economic control by transnational corporations
Regulating economic control of multinational corporations
Prior to 1945 there was a close bond between a nation and its industries and the two were generally counted as one in calculating the strength and wealth of nations. A nation's power grew with the strength of its industries, and industries profited from the larger economic sphere that a more wealthy and powerful nation could provide. The two were bound in a mutually beneficial partnership -- a partnership which kept nations healthy and provided benefits to the citizenry. The people, corporations, and the nation -- their interests were in fundamental harmony. The Third-World may have been exploited, but at least the First World was relatively sound. But in the postwar "Free-World" system, the close-bonding between nations and "their" corporations has been falling apart. Nations and industry can no longer be counted as a single entity -- TNC's are a force in their own right, with an allegiance to the overall world system rather than to a single nation. TNC's are citizens of the world; their focus is on global opportunities; the very concept of "home nation" is out-dated -- to TNC's, all flags are flags of convenience.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.