The global fisheries catch has not increased since 1988, and an estimated 70 percent of world stocks are fully fished, overfished, or depleted. Clearly, a reduction in fisheries catches adequate enough to enable global fish stocks to recover and accumulate, is called for. This requires effective monitoring of fishery industry activities on the high seas, such as the right to board and inspect fishing vessels in international waters.
In early 1995, the Canada-Spain fisheries dispute stimulated over 90 countries to agree on a draft UN agreement that includes enforcement measures similar in some cases to what Canada employed when it first boarded and seized a Spanish trawler on the high seas.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.