Citing environmental damage, India's Supreme Court ordered all large commercial shrimp farms in five coastal states closed by April 30, 1997. The action was particularly bold since shrimp farming in India was a business worth US$ 500 million a year. In urging India's Supreme Court to take action against large-scale shrimp farming, conservationists cited abuses that included wetlands destruction, pollution of coastal waters, degradation of coastal fisheries and peremptory land acquisition. Scientific studies found that the cost of repairing environmental degradation from the farming would be greater than earnings from shrimp exports.
Consumers can insist that the shrimp they buy have either been produced in sustainable farms or caught in the wild. But they may have to pay a premium for such kindness to the Earth.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.