Reliance on family carers has increased over the past 30 years in most communities in the Western world. Hospitals and institutions have become smaller and more health care is given in outpatient and community settings. But in many areas of the world, the numbers of disabled elderly persons continue to grow. A great deal of stress is associated with the caring role. The demands are constant and relentless, both in terms of practical assistance and emotional strain and worry, and the time taken by daily tasks.
Caring for elderly demented relatives is one of the most demanding of situations for families. Yet the services available for such carers, if available at all, are frequently poorly coordinated with each other and with the health and social services.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.