Maintaining institutions and practices that have evolved historically and which are thus manifestations of continuity and stability.
Conservatism did not develop as a political attitude and movement until the late 18th century, as a reaction to the French Revolution of 1789.
Conservatism is used to counter balance excessively liberal trends in society which are considered unhealthy for society as a whole.
1. Conservatism uses experience as the principle guide, understanding that this will provide the most effective and lasting change.
2. Conservatism understands that human nature cannot always be trusted and therefore one must rely on historical continuity and traditional frameworks.
3. Conservatism moderates reform in times of radical change.
1. Conservatism can lead to holding on to past traditions for their own sake, not taking into account other dynamics in society. Its proponents characteristically are heartless and in opposition to every state provision for the welfare of the people.<2. Conservatives are the masters who would have others in chains and thus they are the cause for destabilizing radical elements who call for reform by revolution.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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