2. The apartheid policy has resulted in the conveyance of nationhood to Lesotho, Botswana, Swaziland and Namibia. South African resources continue to be applied to the development of these new nations. The continuity of the policy, therefore, promotes the creation and development of viable new nations in Africa.
3. Encouraging cultural or ethnic groups to retain their identity is the South African official rationale for this strategy. Its official objective is to ensure peaceful coexistence.
2. Modern political history points to continuing violent reaction to such repression. The adoption of this strategy by a state thus provides an historical precondition to revolution.