Emissions of methane from rice cultivation could be reduced dramatically by appropriate selection of species and reduction in rice paddy soil moisture.
Total anthropogenic sources of methane are estimated at about 275 Mt per year. However, as with natural sources, these estimates have large uncertainties.
Measurements of emissions from rice paddies show a strong dependence on season, rice type, soil conditioning and flooding control. Measurements of fluxes into the atmosphere from this source vary from a small sink to a source of more than 50 mg/sq m/day. Net global emissions from rice paddies are now estimate at 60 to 100 Mt/year, with China and India collectively contributing between 15 and 30% of this amount.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.