Article 20 of the World Trade Organization (WTO) [Agriculture Agreement] conditions the long term objective of substantial, progressive reductions in support and protection, resulting in fundamental reform, by other concerns, notably the experience and effects of implementing reduction commitments agreed in 1994, special and differential treatment of developing countries, the objective to establish a fair and market-oriented agricultural trading system, and non trade concerns.
2. Agricultural liberalization has significant impacts for the environment, animal welfare and food security. Any further liberalization must protect the interests of small farmers, net food-importing countries, least developed countries, and sustainable agriculture.
2. The constraints to agricultural trade - particularly agricultural protectionism in industrial countries - continue to inflict enormous welfare losses on the developing world, exceeding those from restrictions in the textile trade by a factor of three. And they more than negate the grant aid provided by developed countries.