The [Mediterranean Landscape Charter, 1993] (Charter of Seville) was adopted at the Third Conference on Mediterranean Regions, held in Taormina, Italy, on 5-7 April 1993, by the regions of Andalusia, Languedoc-Roussillon and Tuscany. The objectives of the Charter are: (1) the conservation of landscapes with a particular historic or natural value that are representative of Mediterranean civilization; (2) ensuring that human actions are conducive to the creation of landscapes of the highest possible quality; (3) ensuring that all development projects take account of the landscape elements that have natural, cultural or historic value; (4) ensuring that schemes involving major transport, urban development, tourist or industrial infrastructures take due account of landscape prevention or make provision for rehabilitation; (5) ensuring that all measures entailing the use or sale of public property preserve the most important landscape areas that have historic, cultural and natural value; (6) maintaining footpaths, farm tracks and other rural rights of way as a means of access to the landscape and to avoid the proliferation of roads for motor vehicle traffic; and (7) ensuring a fair balance between the landscapes subject to restrictions and the neighbouring areas where their development benefits from their proximity to these zones.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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