According to educators at US and European universities, academic dishonesty is on the rise.
In 1994, an anti-corruption policy was announced on the eve of Cambodia's national examinations for primary and secondary-school students. The minister posted guards at doors and windows of test sites and gave students coded numbers to put on their answer sheets instead of their names. Furthermore, teachers could not grade papers of students they knew. Just 4 percent of the teenagers taking the exams to leave secondary school received passing grades, compared with 70 percent the previous year.
The pressures to cheat are great. The shrinking and ever more competitive job market is breeding an excel-at-all-costs mentality. But this must be overcome. Everyone should have an equal chance to succeed in life, and no one must be permitted to abuse this privilege. This is particularly true of academic life because academic achievement has a substantial impact upon career opportunities later in life. Academic achievement must parallel true self-achievement, that is to say through honest hard work. Qualified but deserving students and employees are worth their weight in gold to the employer, to the economy, and to society.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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