In 1995, 50 years after the end of the Second World War, Austria passed legislation to create a 50 million dollar fund for Nazi victims in an attempt to face a past where Austrians no less so actively participated in the crimes of Nazi Germany (Hitler himself was "Austrian"). The fund will be established for some 30,000 people who were thrown into concentration camps because they were Jews, Communists or homosexuals, and for those who fled into exile.
After the war, many Austrians chose to regard themselves as the first victims of Nazism. They suppressed the reality of the masses who cheered German troops marching into Austria, of Jews who died at their hands, of the many Austrians who enthusiastically took up arms and other Austrians who were responsible for Nazi atrocities.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.