Speeding up international transfer of funds Creating international capital mobility
The cross-border component of all EEC/EU bank transfers currently accounts for only between one and two percent of all European bank transfers but it is argued would increase substantially if customers were offered better service and the costs were less prohibitive.
The European Savings Banks Group has a network of 34,000 cash dispensers throughout Europe, through which it handled 2.5 million cross-border transfer transactions in 1994. The European postal system launched a Eurogiro facility in 1994 to handle smaller cross-border amounts within 3 days. The Inter Bank Online System (Ibos) was established in 1990 by the Royal Bank of Scotland and Banco Santander to tackle drawbacks experienced particularly by corporate clients (delays, inefficiency and expense) with traditional cross-border banking services. In 1995 it had 4,000 outlets in Europe.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.