Exploiting disparity between industrialized and developing countries
Preserving inequality between North and South Maintaining disparity between industrialized and developing countries
Voting power on the World Bank board is based on financial contributions, rather than on the principle of "one country, one vote". The world's five richest countries hold almost 40% of votes, of which the share of the USA is 17%. This imbalance of voting power steers the Bank toward the interests of the industrial countries. Yet the Bank has little leverage over the policies of industrial countries, which often do not practice what they preach through the Bank about fiscal, monetary, trade, or adjustment policies.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.