Description: Rejecting all ideologies, morality and behavioural norms that are part of the establishment system.
Context: Nihilism refers specifically to the generation of Russian precursors of the communist revolution who, in the 1860s, sought a new social ideology. The term was first coined to describe what Karl Marx stigmatized as the "sterile negation" of the Prussian revolutionaries of the 1840s.
Claim: Nihilism is not a coherent worldview by itself, but loosens ties with the existing social options and is the basic posture without which a new direction cannot be discerned.
Counter Claim: Nihilism is a self-destructive dead end, leading only to negativism about whatever successive social alternatives arise to the existing ones.
Type Classification: D: Detailed strategies