A wide gap has opened between the most generous aid givers and the rest of the industrialized nations. Norway, Sweden and Denmark all gave more than 1% of Gross National Product (GNP) in aid during 1992. Apart from the Netherlands, no other OECD country reached even the 0.7% aid target agreed in the 1960s. The average from the industrialized nations was just 0.34%. In 1992, Norwegians gave the most aid, 1.11% of GNP or US$288 per person. This is approximately twice as much per person as the French, Germans or Canadians, three times as much as the Japanese, four times as much as the Italians, five times as much as the British, and six times as much as the USA. If all countries were to reach the target aid figure of 0.7% of GNP, an additional $67,000 million a year would be made available, enough to eradicate the worst aspects of world poverty within a decade. Recent opinion polls in 11 European countries show that a significant majority of voters are in favour of increasing aid levels.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
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