In 1991, the Institute of Peace in the USA began to teach peacemaking issues in classrooms. The Institute's priorities for 1995 include, increasing its effort in education and training, and in the specialized areas of skills training in conflict resolution. In a short time in the USA, over 300 violence prevention programmes and 100 conflict resolution curricula have been made available by anti-violence groups to middle and high schools.
2. The educational dimension, in that it orientates action and indicates operational routes, is an essential part of the peace activist and human rights defender. It allows the acquisition of new resources of non-violent power, the capacity to promote shared fundamental values, creativity, planning, competence, co-operation and communication. The management of these resources of non-violent power is partly entrusted to people's diplomacy, which is distinct from, but not necessarily opposed to, the diplomacy of states.