Solving situations of conflict by applying a branch of mathematics called "Game Theory". A rational set of rules is determined about the behaviour of each player in the game. The "scenario" is played out to determine which set of strategies maximize benefits to one player at the loss to other players (zero sum games). In a negative sum game a set of strategies are attempted to minimize loss to a player even though both sides lose. In plus sum games, strategies are developed to maximize benefit to all players.
Games allow the application of strategies and tactics to predict potential strategies to given situations without the dangers of a real situation.
1. Simple games cannot reflect the complexity of real situations and are unable to predict strategies much beyond the first few moves.
2. There is a danger of thinking that the real situation is a game.
3. Games require agreement on rules by all parties and this is not necessarily true in real social situations.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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