To date, [Cuora amboinensis], [C. aurocapitata], [C. flavomarginata], [C. galbinifrons galbinifrons], [C. galbinifrons bourreti], [C. mccordi], [C. trifasciata], [Chinemys reevesi], [C. nigricans] (= [kwangtungensis]), [Geoclemys hamiltonii], [Geoemyda spengleri], [Heosemys grandis], [H. spinosa], [Indotestudo elongata], [Indotestudo forstenii], [Manouria emys phaeryi], [Mauremys annamensis], [M. japonica], [M. mutica], [Ocadia sinensis], [Pyxidea mouhotii], and [Sacalia bealei] have all reproduced in captivity in zoos or private collections. However, many of these are isolated instances.
Recent advances in drug protocols have helped tremendously in the eradication of detrimental, potentially fatal, parasite infestations typically associated with Asian food market turtles. Increasing survivourship of imported specimens, especially the more sensitive species, is helping tremendously in establishing founder stock for [ex situ] captive reproduction programmes.
The American Zoological Association is finalizing plans for a studbook for the genus [Cuora]. These plans consider inclusion of private breeders and collectors.
2. Based on the long term captive survival experiences with [Cuora pani], [C. serrata], [Cyclemys dentata], [C. tcheponensis], [Malayemys subtrijuga], [Manouria emys emys], [Notochelys platynota], [Platysternon] ssp. and [Sacalia quadriocellata], in both zoo and private hands, there is every reason why captive propagation of these species can succeed. With good fortune maybe even [Geoemyda depressa] will reproduce.
3. Larger questions of possible repatriation of captive bred progeny may not be answerable until such time as the moral, ethical and technological issues confronting the environment and the turtles themselves are solved. This may in effect become a multi generation exercise. Captive reproduction programmes can therefore be rationalized as caretakers until such time in the future when these larger issues are resolved.