The United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice recommended the Ninth Congress to consider:< 1. The potential of traditional and non-traditional mechanisms of justice and social control, such as processes of mediation, social reconciliation, restitution, compensation and non-custodial measures, in inspiring new strategies for preventing and controlling crime, reducing prison overcrowding and strengthening support for the criminal justice system;< 2. Recent developments in the functioning of criminal justice and police systems, in particular the mobilization of law enforcement arrangements and new cooperative law enforcement arrangements, and to explore ways of improving the relationship between the police and the public, for example by ensuring an equal balance between the various sectors of the population in police forces and by developing community policing;< 3. Recent trends in criminal justice as the privatization of certain police and correctional functions, the excessive use of pre-trial custody, prison overcrowding, and the development of alternatives to incarceration;< 4. Dispatching prisoners to their countries of origin and ways to speed up the corresponding procedures, with the consent of the offenders, in order to enable them to serve their sentences in circumstances that would promote their reintegration into their own societies;< 5. The process of needs assessment; the conditions of successful computerization; and a mechanism for identifying needs for the creation of statistical infrastructures where these are essential to improving national statistical reporting systems;< 6. Issues such as the compatibility of criminal statistics, support systems, computers as an investigative tool, and cost-effective ways of promoting the availability of data, assessment analysis capabilities and the exchange of information; and consider controls and legal measures to safeguard respect for privacy and to prevent data from being used for purposes incompatible with the [International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights], bearing in mind data protection principles relating to personal privacy.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.