Promoting environmentally sound railway use

Switching road transport to rail transport
Encouraging train systems over road systems
The RID Agreement [Réglement concernant le transport international ferroviaire des marchandises dangereuses], sets out requirements covering the international transport of dangerous goods by rail. Parties to the Agreement are those countries which have signed the Convention concerning international carriage by rail (COTIF - [Convention relative aux transports internationaux ferroviaires]) which includes all the Member States of the European Union.
The European Commission has approved a Danish scheme to subsidize the transport of goods by rail as compatible with the State aid rules of the Treaty. The scheme, laid down in a Danish law of 1998, aims at - partly - compensating the railways for the unpaid costs of road haulage and thereby creating more equitable conditions of competition between these modes. It should be seen against the background of the introduction of infrastructure charges that railway undertakings have to pay for the use of the Danish railway infrastructure. The underlying objective of the policy is to try and shift the transport of goods from road to rail.

In 1996, the Austrians travelled by train the most of all European Union inhabitants. Each of them covered 1,224 km on average. In Ireland and Greece, with the least dense railway networks, people travelled only 357 and 167 kilometres per person per year respectively.

Type Classification:
G: Very Specific strategies
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 9: Industry, Innovation and InfrastructureGOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and CommunitiesGOAL 15: Life on Land