Because such landscapes are often protected by taboo, they have proven to be highly protective of biodiversity, even into the modern era of intensive development.
Many traditional peoples attach significance to mountains, valleys, rivers, springs and forests that make up a landscape. This significance is maintained by ritual, stories and initiatory quests. Most commonly, this significance may be concentrated on sacred groves. These locations may all be linked to burial ceremonies and what are believed to be homes of spirits.
The [Convention on Biolgical Diversity] recognizes the: Close and traditional dependence of many indigenous and local communities embodying traditional lifestyles on biological resources and the desirability of sharing equitably benefits arising from the use of traditional knowledge, innovations and practices relevant to the conservation of biological diversity and the sustainable use of its components.