2. Combating poverty and achieving sustainability depends on the growth of per capita income, on its distribution, on appropriate domestic policies, and on international policies that support them.
(2) Capitalism seeks profit and increased competitiveness by laying off workers and replacing them with temporaries; by intentionally increasing job insecurity for almost everyone; by reducing the availability of health insurance; by speeding up environmental degradation; by cutting social spending; by reducing regulation; by cutting training; and by reducing taxes on corporations and on the wealthy, shifting the tax burden onto the middle class and the working poor.
(3) The main cause of unemployment in privileged countries is the introduction of "rationalisation" technologies over which underprivileged peoples have no influence. Increasing exploitation is solely the responsibility of capitalists, not of peoples.
(4) The three main drawbacks inherent in capitalism, and highlighted by Keynes, have been confirmed by experience: instability, social inequalities and unemployment. Efficiency, equity, solidarity, and freedom are not fully compatible: they imply dilemmas, compromises and trade-offs. This Keynesian assessment of capitalism continues to apply today, after the collapse of socialism, its rival.