Adolescents are very sensitive to the price of contraceptives as well as their easy availability. In Dakar, Senegal, the price of a condom is the same as the cost of an evening's dancing.
A town in Sweden halved its teenage abortion rate by subsidizing the price of contraceptive pills for young women: shortage of money had made many girls postpone the renewal of their prescriptions. The subsidy reduced the cost by two-thirds, resulting in a much higher renewal rate. The scheme has been copied by 70% of Swedish municipalities.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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