The World Bank has adopted a policy of providing no new loans for tobacco growing or manufacturing projects. The World Health Organization coordinates multisectoral collaboration amongst United Nations agencies, notably to promote agricultural diversification to assist economies where tobacco is a major export.
The UN recognizes that the serious health consequences of tobacco use cannot be tackled effectively without appropriate strategies for demand reduction.
Cultural practices and customs relating to the use of tobacco should be taken into account in developing multisectoral approaches to the tobacco-related health issues. Reduction of demand is of great concern to tobacco producing countries, notably in the case of developing countries dependent on such revenues.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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