While the use of the term "agrobiodiversity" is increasing, there is still no consensus on what is exactly meant by it. A broad definition should cover the full range of functions of biodiversity in agriculture areas: a) production of food, fuel and other raw materials; b) life support functions and c) nature conservation, landscape protection and related tourism. This is similar to the European Union concept of multifunctional agriculture, including a) producing food, feed and fibre, b) preserving the rural environment and landscape and c)contributing to the viability of rural areas and a balanced territorial development.
The 3rd Conference of the Parties to the [Convention on Biological Diversity] (COP-3 CBD, Buenos Aires, 1996, decision III/11) decided to develop a phased, multi-year programme of work on the conservation and sustainable use of agricultural biological diversity aiming at: "...first, to promote the positive effects and mitigate the negative impacts of agricultural practices on biological diversity in agro-ecosystems and their interface with other ecosystems; second, to promote the conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources of actual or potential value for food and agriculture; and third, to promote the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilisation of genetic resources..." and to promote the development of national strategies, programmes and action plans on agrobiodiversity.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
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