strategy

Establishing nuclear-free zone

Synonyms:
Declaring nuclear weapons-free zones
Description:
Excluding atomic and thermonuclear weapons from a region. The distribution and use of nuclear weapons are limited to certain areas of the world.
Implementation:
The first nuclear-free zone was applied in the [International Antarctic Treaty] of 1959 which prohibits nuclear explosions and burial of radioactive material in the Antarctic. In November 1961 The United Nations General Assembly adopted a special resolution to make Africa a nuclear-free zone and in 1964 at its 19th session it adopted a resolution declaring Latin America a nuclear-free zone. Many other areas have been proposed: Central Europe, the Mediterranean Basin, and the Indian Ocean.

An agreement to create a nuclear-weapon-free zone already exists for the south-west Pacific, but its implementation has been delayed by the objections of the nuclear powers, especially France, which undertakes tests in this region.

Claim:
In view of the practical difficulties involved in reconciling the vast differences in circumstances and interests that exist between regions, an approach that combines a global declaration with region-by-region negotiations offers the best hope of creating a nuclear-free world.
Counter Claim:
1. Nuclear warfare is such that the original location of weapons is irrelevant.

2. Enforcement of nuclear-free zones is problematic.

Subjects:
Arms
Disarmament
Type Classification:
D: Detailed strategies