"Restrictive business practice" means action or behaviour by an enterprise which, through acquisition of a dominant position of market power, limits access to markets or otherwise unduly restrains competition. It also refers to formal, informal, written or unwritten agreements or arrangements among enterprises which have the same effect. Such practices are used in order to achieve high profits, at the expense of consumers, without being exposed to competition.
Governments increasingly recognize that their country's position in world production, marketing and distribution depends on the strength of their national "champion enterprises". There is a shift from the old-style trade barriers to the more direct enhancement of national champion enterprises in the wake of international competition. In the name of competition, enterprises are encouraged to use all the restrictive practices at their disposal in order to strengthen their positions in international trade transactions.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.