"Restrictive business practice" means action or behaviour by an enterprise which, through acquisition of a dominant position of market power, limits access to markets or otherwise unduly restrains competition. It also refers to formal, informal, written or unwritten agreements or arrangements among enterprises which have the same effect. Such practices are used in order to achieve high profits, at the expense of consumers, without being exposed to competition.
Governments increasingly recognize that their country's position in world production, marketing and distribution depends on the strength of their national "champion enterprises". There is a shift from the old-style trade barriers to the more direct enhancement of national champion enterprises in the wake of international competition. In the name of competition, enterprises are encouraged to use all the restrictive practices at their disposal in order to strengthen their positions in international trade transactions.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.