Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is a voluntary, worldwide fellowship of people from all walks of life who meet together to attain and maintain sobriety. The only requirement for membership is a desire to stop drinking. In 1990 there were over 96,000 AA groups registered in more than 130 countries and membership was estimated at over 2 million. There are no membership fees, and donations are not accepted from non-members. AA is a programme of total abstinence. Members simply stay away from one drink, one day at a time. Sobriety is maintained through sharing experience, strength and hope at group meetings and through the suggested Twelve Steps for recovery from Alcoholism. The AA approach views alcoholism as a disease, rather like an allergy, that can never be 'cured' but can be arrested. Anonymity is the spiritual foundation of AA. It disciplines the Fellowship to govern itself by principles rather than personalities.
1. Moderate alcohol consumption of 10 to 30 g/day in men (1 to 3 glasses of wine per day) may have a protective effect on the cardio-vascular system. This protective effect disappears in heavy drinkers or those who have episodic drunkenness. Nevertheless, moderate alcohol consumption is associated with increased mortality from cerebral haemorrhage and hypertension.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.