Planned psychological activities in peace and war directed to enemy, friendly, and neutral audiences in order to influence attitudes and behavior affecting the achievement of political and military objectives. They include strategic psychological activities, consolidation psychological operations and battlefield psychological activities.
Planned operations to convey selected information and indicators to foreign audiences to influence their emotions, motives, objective reasoning, and ultimately the behavior of foreign governments, organizations, groups, and individuals. The purpose of psychological operations is to induce or reinforce foreign attitudes and behavior favorable to the originator's objectives. Also called PSYOP.
2. Psychological warfare can reduce the level of actual physical confrontation and armed conflict, preventing unnecessary deaths and destruction of property.
3. It has been cited, for example, that the success of Operation Overlord, landing Allied troops in France in May 1944, depended to a great extent on the fact that the enemy was convinced that the landing would be made in a different location.
2. Overt arguments, especially if identified as such, can be easily countered or disvalued as propaganda.
3. A group using psychological warfare also runs the risk of undermining the confidence of its own people in official announcements and reports. The media, for example, has come under increasing attack in the third world as becoming a tool, willing or unwilling, in the hands of the makers of psychological war.
4. It may also be argued that the continuing and unrestrained use of psychological warfare increases military tensions.