It is widely acknowledged that the UN Security Council needs to be reformed, principally by expansion of its membership, so that it may require the legitimacy, authority, political and financial support required for its activities, and its expanding responsibilities.
The UN Security Council (UNSC) was established 24 Oct 1945, in New York, by the [Charter of the UN]. It is one of the principal organs within the UN System, on which member states have conferred primary responsibility for maintaining peace and security. In accordance with an amendment to the Charter, in force since 31 Aug 1965, the Security Council was enlarged from 11 to 15 members, 5 of them permanent and 10 elected by the General Assembly for 2-year terms. The non-permanent members are not eligible for immediate re-election. The five permanent members of the Security Council are the USA, Russia (formerly the Soviet Union), China, UK, France), and were determined at establishment of the Security Council. There is widespread agreement that Germany and Japan are prime candidates for permanent membership. Other likely candidates include India, Brasil, Egypt or Nigeria.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.