2. In Slovakia and in the Czech Republic, after the fall of the communist regime, the terms Roma and Romany were promoted as a replacement for the old term Gypsies and Gypsy. This has happened nation-wide in all public places and media and the new terms became well rooted even in the people's everyday vocabulary. However, after ten years it was evident that Roma and Romany adopted the very same pejorative connotation as the former Gypsy. Besides, in the history there was at least one more similar unsuccessful attempt to solve problems with Gypsies by renaming them. That was in the 18th century, when Empress Maria Theresia ruled that Gypsies should be called New-farmers.