As a NEHAP is a tool to achieve policy objectives for a country there may be advantage in explicitly setting out those objectives which especially require a longer time scale than the NEHAP can sensibly cover. To some extent, the objectives may be aspirational, as expressed for instance in the commitment to sustainable development or more practically in the WHO Health for All Targets. The NEHAP can then be seen and judged as a step towards the longer term aims.
Some countries may consider that they should confine their plan to dealing with national objectives which may be different or more limited than those in the World Health Organisation "Health For All (HFA)" or EHAPE format. This may entail more work than it avoids as the objectives may have to be justified in their own right and would inevitably be compared with those in the HFA or EHAPE. However, a national approach to setting objectives could have advantages in terms of dealing with national organisations, especially for countries with less centralised forms of government.
NEHAPs have proved to be useful in achieving such political objectives as: (a) reforms related to the transition to a market economy; (b) social reforms, deregulation and decentralization; (c) European integration; (d) transforming economic sectors according to the principles of sustainable development; and (e) implementing international commitments, such as environmental conventions.